The nineteenth century left an expected economic growth and political stability, creating the modern Argentine state. Waves of immigration created social classes and formed the identity Argentina. The bloodiest dictatorships marked to fire the country today.
Argentina, it history.
Before becoming a modern state, even before colonization led by the Spanish conquest, the Argentine territory was inhabited by nomadic indigenous communities. The arrival of Columbus in 1492 marked the beginning of the Spanish colonization. The Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata created in 1776 formalized the installation of the colonial government, but the decline of the Spanish empire and its failure in the market competition with Portugal and England marked the dismemberment of the Viceroyalty, leading to the process of national emancipation. The revolution of May 25, 1810 devoted to the colony and testing of the first forms of self-government that took place until 1816.
On July 9, 1816 the Congress of Tucumán proclaimed the independence of the United Provinces of South America and issued the Provisional Statute of 1816, the Provisional Regulations of 1817 and the Constitution of the United Provinces of South America in 1819.
While it took the tripartite division of powers, the constitution of 1819 did not establish the form of government and was designed in a way that could adapt to a monarchical system. Several congressmen, tried to negotiate the coronation of a prince in the Rio de la Plata. The constitution was a value in dispute, and was rejected by his centralizing proposal, but had begun the process of transformation and struggle of modern Argentine state.
Every thing here, in El Sur del Sur: Argentina: The country, its culture and its people.
La Revolución de Mayo marcó el fin de la etapa colonial y el paso a la creación de Estado Nación argentino. La Argentina proclamó su independencia y soberanía.
El potencial comercial del puerto de Buenos Aires determinó la creación del Virreinato del Río de la Plata. La decadencia del gobierno colonial dio paso al proceso de independencia nacional