10 Emblematic Argentine Writers
Updated March 23, 2021
Brief report on the 10 emblematic Argentine writers. The 10 Argentine Writers of All Time, whose work was a turning point in the history of Argentine literature; and the 10 most representative works that are inscribed as fundamental in Argentine literature.
Esteban Echeverría (1805-1851)
His story El Matadero is considered the first story in Argentine literature [/ highlight]. It was published in 1876, more than twenty years after his death, and anticipated the realistic narrative of our country.
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (1811-1888)
Facundo, a work published in 1845, constitutes the first attempt to address the national reality. His serious and passionate language proposes an interpretive scheme of civilization or barbarism.
José Hernández (1834-1886)
His great national epic poem Martín Fierro, published in two parts 1872 and 1879, is an example of the synthesis of popular gaucho tradition and high literature.
Ricardo Güiraldes (1886-1927)
The novel Don Segundo Sombra, published in San Antonio de Areco in 1926, evokes the gaucho, his values, and Argentine tradition.
Roberto Arlt (1900-1942)
His novel El Juguete Rabioso, published in 1926, incorporates the language of the street and the conflicts of marginalization into literature.
Ezequiel Martínez Estrada (1895-1964)
His work Radiografía de la Pampa, National Prize in 1933, analyzes the Argentine reality where the interior of the country is confronted with the port of Buenos Aires.
Adolfo Bioy Casares (1914-1999)
His novel La Invención de Morel received the National Prize of 1940. The author stood out for his fantastic stories, police and science fiction. He obtained the Miguel de Cervantes Prize in 1990.
Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1985)
The book of short stories Ficciones, published in 1944, included Borges in universal literature.
Ernesto Sábato ( 1911-2011)
He is the author of the novel Sobre Héroes y Tumbas published in 1961. He was awarded the Cervantes Prize in 1993.
Julio Cortazar (1914-1984)
Author of Rayuela published in 1963, he forever changed Argentine literature by breaking down the frontiers between the fantastic and the real.