Argentina in the World
AArgentina in the world, is in eighth place, by the size of its surface. Of the 200 countries in the world, Argentina is one of the largest after Russia, Canada, China, USA, Brazil, Australia and India.
Argentina limits over 9376 km with Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil and Uruguay. It is the second largest South American country after Brazil.
Among the countries whose official language is Spanish, Argentina is the largest by land area.
At the same time, it is one of the countries with less population density. Nowadays, it accounts for a 0.6 per cent of the whole world population.
Argentina its location in the Southern Hemisphere
Argentina is a bi-continental country located to the south of South America and occupies part of the Antarctic continent.
Situated in an area which is perhaps “too southern”, this country suffered the consequences of being rather isolated. For, if we bear in mind that the most important economic centers are in the Northern Hemisphere, it becomes clear that actually, Argentina is a distant country.
The truth is that nowadays, by way of technology and the new mass media, the former “distance” has been overcome and Argentina’s situation in the world does no longer depend on its geographic situation.
Features Argentine Territory
The territory of the Republic has an area of 2,791,810 km2 under effective sovereignty, which corresponds to the emerged American portion. Taking into account the Antarctic part claimed the total area of3,757,407 km2.
The Argentine Sea, is an epicontinental sea that extends from the Río de la Plata until including Malvinas islands, is located on a continental shelf up to 200 m deep, covering an area of 1,000,000 km2, one of the largest in the world.
The Río de la Plata, considered the widest in the world, has a length of 275 km and its estuary covers an area of 35,000 km2. Empties into the Atlantic Ocean and presents between the end points of its mouth a maximum width of 200 km.
The Andes, natural border between Argentina and Chile, in Argentina has the highest mountains on the continent. One of its peaks, Aconcagua of 6960.8 MASL., located in Mendoza Argentina, is the second highest in the world after the system of the Himalayas in Asia.
In the Puna de Atacama in the Province of Catamarca, the Ojos del Salado, shared by Argentina and Chile, it is the highest volcano in the world and the second highest peak in the continent with 6891.3 MASL.
Demographic characteristics of Argentina
Nowadays, it accounts for a 0.6 per cent of the whole world population.
The world demographic development rate remarkably increased as compared to the earliest population data available. However, a relatively new trend arose: the population of developed countries started to decrease as against the populational rise in the developing countries; therefore, the world demographic development rate is not homogeneous.
Furthermore, it is necessary to bear in mind that scientific advances had a strong influence on the decrease of death rates and the lengthening of life.
Population Growth Trends
Argentina has a population growth rate similar to the developed world. Recorded a slight downward fluctuation, if the period 1980-1991 is compared with 2001-2010. In the first case the average annual growth rate was 1.47% compared to the second period with an annual population growth of 1.14%. And it differs from other Latin American countries, which are characterized by a higher rate.
Argentine birth and death rates are close to the world average; yet its population density is markedly lower.