Dimensions of Argentina
Dimensions of Argentina, in the territorial sense, refer to the extension of its limits, lengths and surface.
Argentina is located in southern South America. With regard to Ecuador is located to the south; and west from the meridian of Greenwich. It is a bi-continental country, since it occupies part of South America, which corresponds to the emerged American portion; and a portion of Antarctica.
Argentina measured 3779 km towards N-S. It has a wide territorial development in the sense of its latitude, whose endpoints are in the province of Jujuy and the big island of Tierra del Fuego.
Argentina is the second largest country in South America after Brazil, the eighth largest in the world and the first bigest surface between the Spanish-speaking countries.
Argentina’s vast territory has a very varied relief, whose most characteristic features are the wide plains east, the mountain regions in the center, and the majestic Andes mountain range that crosses the country from north to south, forming a natural border with Chile .
The highest peak of America is the Aconcagua of 6960.80 meters. located in the Andes, in the province of Mendoza.
The perimeter of Argentina is 14,493 Km., taking into account only its American continental landmass.
Argentina borders with five countries, along 9,376 km accounting for along the borders of Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil and Uruguay.
Our country has 5117Km of coastline including the Rio de la Plata and the Atlantic coast.
The total area of Argentina is 3,761,274 sq km, of which 2,791,810 sq km correspond to the American Continent and 969,464 sq km to the Antarctic continent (including South Orkney Islands) and the southern islands (South Georgia and South Sandwich).
The Argentine Sea covers an area of 940,000 sq km and covers the American continental shelf to 200 m depth, from the Rio de la Plata to the Falkland Islands inclusive.
North Argentina shares borders with two countries, the Plurinational State of Bolivia and the Republic of Paraguay.
Argentina is bordered on the south by the Republic of Chile and South Atlantic Ocean.
Argentina borders with the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Oriental Republic of Uruguay and the natural boundary of the South Atlantic Ocean.
The western boundary is formed by the long border that exists with the Republic of Chile.
Length of Borders
The length of borders with neighboring countries are a total of 9376 km, corresponding in order of decreasing 5.308Km to Chile, 1,699 km to Paraguay, Brazil 1.132km, 742km to Bolivia, and 495 km to Uruguay.
Length of Coastline
The perimeter of the mainland coast of landmass is 5,117 km and consists of fluvial coast of Rio de la Plata and the Atlantic coast with 4,725 km.
Antarctica Argentina and southern islands have a perimeter of 11,235 km.
Extreme Points of Argentina
The endpoints of the Argentine territory in the American mainland emerged:
The northernmost point is in the province of Jujuy in the confluence of the Grande de San Juan and Mojinete.
To the south, the end point is in Cape San Pío of the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego belonging to the province of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands.
The end point of this limit, is located in the town of Misiones in Bernardo de Irigoyen.
While the west end is in the province of Santa Cruz, in Los Glaciares National Park
The endpoints of the Argentine territory, part of the Antarctic:
- They consist of the meridians 25º and 74º W, parallel 60º south and 90º south (South Pole). Which in turn limits set comprising the national territory in Antarctica Argentina.
- National Geographic Institute: Official information in Argentina