Buenos Aires Capital City of Argentina

Buenos Aires Capital City, named as Autonomous City of Buenos Aires by the Constitution in 1996, is the Federal Capital of the Argentine Republic. It has been the seat of the federal government since 1880. Without  doubt, it is the most important city in Argentina. Also considered one of the twenty largest cities in the world, it is among the twenty-five most influential cities on the planet. It also stands out as a unique city for its tourist attractions, cultural diversity, gastronomy and artistic manifestations.

The City is located in the central and eastern region of Argentina country, on the western shore of the Río de la Plata, in the middle of the Pampas plain. The surface is 200 km2 and its perimeter is 60 km.

Buenos Aires population according to the 2010 census is 2,890,151 inhabitants in the City and 12,806,866 inhabitants in the peripheral area of Greater Buenos Aires. That is to say, that added together are 15,697,017 inhabitants. Which means that a third of the country’s population, 32%, lives in Capital and GBA.

Among the diversity of climates that Argentina has, the climate in the City of Buenos Aires corresponds to the type of temperate climate in its variety of humid pampas. The average annual temperature is 18ºC (64°F).

Our language is the neutral Spanish from Argentina, with some regional particularities from Buenos Aires.

Hotels and Accommodations in Buenos Aires City

Buenos Aires receives permanent national and international tourism. About 10 million tourists arrive in the federal capital per year. To house them, the city has an extensive hotel plant of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 stars. It also has accommodation in hostels, informal accommodation and temporary rentals.

According to the selection made by a group of expert professionals for the Experts’ Choice Awards, Buenos Aires was chosen as the best tourist destination in South America for the quality of its hotels, restaurants and cultural attractions.

According to this evaluation, the most outstanding hotels in the City, with scores of more than 90 points, are the Palacio Duhau-Park Hyatt; the classic Alvear Palace; and the luxurious Faena de Puerto Madero.

Places to Visit in Buenos Aires Capital City of Argentina

Buenos Aires is an intense, diverse and exciting city. It is the result of the cultural amalgam inherited from colonization and immigration flows. This melting pot of cultures also left its mark on the eclectic urban profile of the city. The Spanish colonial, Greco-Roman, art deco, art nouveau, neo-Gothic and Bourbon French styles are mixed in its streets, and later the skyscrapers.

The 1055 green spaces that the city has, constitute a must-see among the tourist attractions of the metropolis, due to its exceptional design. Indeed, the most important parks were designed by the famous landscape architect Jules Charles Thays (1849-1934), Carlos Thays for us.

To tour the city, here we propose a list of some of the most emblematic places that you cannot miss. The proposal has historical monuments, residential areas, parks and a port.

Iconic walks, impossible to miss, for those who want to know the essence of Buenos Aires: Historic center of Plaza de Mayo, San Telmo, Parque Lezama, La Boca, Recoleta, Puerto Madero, Plaza San Martín, Palermo.

Frigate in Puerto Madero
Puerto Madero
Neighborhood of La Boca. Facade
La Boca
Palermo Lake
Lago de Palermo
San Martin Plaza
Plaza San Martín
May Plaza
Plaza de Mayo
Recoleta view, plaza and Church of Pilar
Dancing Tango in San Telmo
San Telmo
Lezama Park Museum
Parque Lezama

We have also selected a tourist service that presents several options to get to know the city:

What is Buenos Aires Most Known for?

La Reina del Plata (The Queen of Silver), the Paris of South America, or simply Buenos Aires City, are the different names in popular language, earned for being a unique city due to its attractions. Instead, due to the recognition of the international community, she was awarded various titles and awards. And of course. as a unique city for its tourist attractions, cultural diversity, gastronomy and artistic manifestations.

  • The urban conglomerate of Buenos Aires is considered among the 20 largest in the world.
  • 2nd urban conglomerate in Latin America
  • City of Design: chosen by UNESCO in 2005
  • World Book Capital nominated in 2011 by UNESCO
  • Global Cities: The only Latin American city that ranks among the top 25 Global Cities in the world (GaWC)
  • Theater Capital: Surpassed only by New York, Paris and Tokyo, but almost on a par with London. Headquarters of the Teatro Colón, one of the 5 best opera houses in the world.

As We Are: Porteño Identity

Population Composition

Originally, the population was made up of native settlers, Spanish colonizers and the African population. As a result of participation in the War of Independence and the plagues, the black male population was decimated. This drastically decreased the percentage of ethnicity in the population, reducing to 4%, in the genetic background of the current population.

Immigration and Port Identity

Then from 1870, they were integrated with European immigrants of different nationalities who arrived on our shores.

Since 1930, internal migrations from the provinces and immigration from neighboring countries have also contributed their part.

Porteños “people of the port” embody a true melting pot of races and cultures that shaped the cosmopolitan profile of our great metropolis.

Read more about the immigration movement in Argentina >>

Buenos Aires Culture

This melting pot is reflected in the music and dance of Buenos Aires. The tango and the lunfardo, were of notorious influence in the urban culture and all the artistic manifestations of the porteña City of Buenos Aires.

The authors and artists, who emerged from this unique cultural and ethnic amalgamation, knew how to intensely express in the arts the dichotomy between the city and the countryside, immigration and internal migrations. Both plastic arts, literature, theater and cinema, explain the phenomenon of the cultural identity of the porteños.

Our Language: Spanish from Argentina

What language is spoken in Argentina?

Our language is neutral Spanish or Spanish from Argentina,

We have some regional particularities in Buenos Aires Spanish language. For example the letter “ll” (elle) is pronounced like the letter “y”: it is said yuvia for rain, yamar for calling, etc. It is also used for informal treatment, the “vos” instead of ““, and the use of “ché” to address another person.

Molded and transformed by the language of the immigrants, lunfardo was born, a form of porteño slang, which occupies a leading role in tango lyrics.

Read more about the wonderful convergence of lunfardo and tango, explained by maestro Gobello >>

Tourists or travelers interested in touring the City of Buenos Aires may be pleasantly surprised to find bilingual porteños, willing to offer guidance, who speak Italian, English and French fluently, among other languages.

Music and Dance of Buenos Aires City: The Tango

The City of Buenos Aires has had its own music and dance since 1850: the tango. Of shore origin, he was born on both banks of the Río de la Plata. Rejected by Buenos Aires society, it was imposed in European salons during the first decade of the 20th century. Thus, he obtained the passport back to our city, to definitively integrate himself into the culture of Buenos Aires.

Although tango is an inseparable part of the soul of the porteños, it also has hundreds of thousands of followers around the world. For this reason, since 2009, the Ministry of Culture of the Government of the City of Buenos Aires, organizes a Tango Festival and World Dance Championship every year.

The next one is the 18th edition of the Tango and World Dance Festival, which takes place at the end of August 2020. The festival offers recitals, classes, shows, milongas and a large number of free activities. The championship ends with the election of the winning couple in two categories: “Tango de Pista” and “Stage Theatre”.

It is an event of great importance for tourists and porteños. This synergy that Buenos Aires experiences with the Tango World Cup contributes to the preservation and diffusion of the historical heritage, the growth and projection of tango in all its expressions.

Due to its exceptional characteristics, tango was declared by UNESCO, Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, in 2009.

Entertaining summary about Argentine tango >>
Don’t miss out on knowing the World Heritage Sites of Argentina, which with tango add up to 13. Spanish only >>

Facts about Buenos Aires City

Strategic location of the Autonomous City

Buenos Aires Capital City Map

The Autonomous City of Buenos Aires is located in the central and eastern part of Argentina, in southern South America. Buenos Aires is the capital city of Argentina and is located in the Province of Buenos Aires.

Located at the entrance to the Río de la Plata estuary, the widest in the world, it has a privileged geopolitical situation among the rest of the country’s cities. The radiocentric structure of Argentina has its apex in Buenos Aires. The road and rail network that ends at the port converge towards it. Precisely, the city is fan-shaped with its epicenter in the port.

As a cosmopolitan and open city and port, it is not only the most important financial, commercial and cultural hub in Argentina, but it is also among the most important in Latin America.

Despite its location in the south of South America, far from the great world centers, it always had the profile of an avant-garde metropolis linked to the world.

Natural Limits

The natural boundaries of the city are the Río de la Plata to the east, the Reconquista river valley to the north, and the Riachuelo de los Navíos to the south. It is a flat plateau, with a height of between 20 and 39 meters above the Río de la Plata.

Buenos Aires is part of the Pampas plain, which ends in a sharp slope forming the ravines upon reaching the river coast.

Pampean relief

Buenos Aires is a coastal city. It is the exit door of the immensity of the pampa that ends in the ravines in front of the Río de la Plata. The same ravines that we see in Recoleta, Plaza San Martín, Parque Lezama and Barrancas de Belgrano.

Originally crossed by multiple streams, they all had the same fate, they were blocked or tubed. None of them are currently visible in the city.

The Río de la Plata is an emblematic natural limit of the city and port of Buenos Aires. The Riachuelo de los Navíos is one of the main watercourses and was once of singular importance for the development of the city. Currently, the port of Buenos Aires is established on this coastal front.

Type of Weather

Among the diversity of climates that Argentina has, the climate in the City of Buenos Aires corresponds to the type of temperate climate in its variety of humid pampas. The average annual temperature is 18ºC (64°F). Through the different seasons, temperatures vary on average from 8 °C to 28 °C. There are few days of intense cold or heat.

The capital of Argentina is characterized by being an important tourist center that can be visited in any season of the year due to its mild climate.

Formation of the Megalopolis

The city of Buenos Aires, in addition to being large and populous, exceeded its physical limits. In this way, he ended up joining the urban areas of the parties. Indeed, the Metropolitan Area is formed by the area comprised by the City of Buenos Aires, to which are added 24 Greater Buenos Aires districts (GBA), belonging to the Province of Buenos Aires, which surround the city. This is how the Metropolitan Area of ​​Buenos Aires (AMBA) was integrated.

It is the largest urban area in the country, the second in South America, Latin America and the southern hemisphere. Together with São Paulo and Mexico City, it is one of the three Latin American cities in the alpha category, according to the study by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC). The City of Buenos Aires is among the cities with the highest quality of life in Latin America, and its per capita income is among the three highest in the region. It is the most visited city in South America. It is considered among the twenty largest urban conglomerates in the world.

Autonomous City of Buenos Aires: Size and Population

The City of Buenos Aires is truly populous. In its 200 km2 of surface, it houses 2,890,151 inhabitants, according to the last census of 2010. That is, the city itself has more than fifteen thousand inhabitants per square kilometer.

The population is distributed in 48 neighborhoods that derive, the oldest, from the parishes established in the 19th century. The autonomous city constitutes one of the 24 districts in which the country is divided. It has its own executive, legislative, and judicial branches, as well as its own police force.

What is the Metropolitan Area of ​​Buenos Aires (AMBA)

As we mentioned before, the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (CABA) has 2,890,151 inhabitants. Yes, to this we add the 12,806,866 inhabitants in the peripheral area of ​​Greater Buenos Aires, we reach 15,697,017 inhabitants. This means that a third of the country’s population, 32%, lives in Capital and GBA, forming the so-called AMBA. That is why it is considered among the largest conglomerates in the world.

Origin and Evolution of Buenos Aires

Strange as it may seem, our city was founded twice. The first foundation by the advanced Don Pedro de Mendoza in 1536, in the current Parque Lezama, which he named Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Aire (“Our Lady St. Mary of the Good Air”)

The second and definitive one in 1580 by Don Juan de Garay, in the current Plaza de Mayo.

To know everything about the founding of Buenos Aires >>

The Big Village

It began as part of the Viceroyalty of Peru, until the commercial activity, in the territories of the Río de la Plata, determined the autonomy of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, created on August 1, 1776 with Buenos Aires as Capital of the Viceroyalty of the River. of the Silver.

The City of Buenos Aires led the Revolution of May 25, 1810 that took place in the Cabildo and in the Plaza de la Victoria, currently Plaza de Mayo. The independence movement that led to the subsequent Declaration and signing of the Act of Independence on July 9, 1816.

See more about Argentina before becoming a state >>

Capitalization of Buenos Aires (1880)

At that time, the Río de la Plata was an attractive commercial center that tried to break away from the Spanish monopoly. This is how the radiocentric structure of our country begins to be generated, with its apex in Buenos Aires. The road and rail network that ends at the port converge towards it.

The bid of interests between the Buenos Aires centralism and the provinces, is channeled towards the Federal Constitution of 1853. However, it would be necessary to wait until 1880, for Buenos Aires to be consecrated Federal Capital of the Argentine Republic.

Immigration arrives in Cosmopolis

The European immigration currents would provide a new impetus to the urban growth of the city. However, the city lacked a sanitary infrastructure. There was no drinking water network or sewers.

As a consequence of the lack of foresight, in 1867 there was an epidemic of cholera, and then in 1871 yellow fever arrived. There were 20,000 deaths from fever, more than 10% of the population.

The inhabitants of the sumptuous houses of the Barrio Sur, migrated northwards fleeing from the plague. While the mansions were used as tenements to shelter immigrants, giving rise to the conventillo. The tango, the theater and the cinema knew how to correctly describe this period of life in Buenos Aires.

Read more about the immigration movement in Argentina >>

The Modern City

In the following decades, the colonial city would enter modernity, with the remodeling of the urban layout. Streets were opened, avenues and parks were laid out. The urban infrastructure works were completed. The network of drinking water and sewers, pavements and means of transport.

Diagonal Norte concentrated business activity and its magnificent perspective ended on 9 de Julio with the controversial Obelisk built in 1936. Cultural, artistic and social life was concentrated on Avenida de Mayo.

See more about the formation of the Argentine State >>

Migrations and the Megalopolis

By 1947, Buenos Aires reached almost 3 million inhabitants, a figure that remains to this day. After the waves of European immigration, immigration from neighboring countries and internal migration appeared, turning Buenos Aires into a megalopolis.

The construction of General Paz, from 1936 to 1941, marked the limit between the city and the suburb.

Later, the Building Code of 1944 and the Horizontal Property Law in 1948, together with a large private investment, changed the profile of the building development of Buenos Aires.

In 1950 and 1952 the state made the largest historical investment in popular housing. Located in Greater Buenos Aires, it generated the industrial belt around the circulation axes.

Declaration of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (1996)

According to art. 129, included in the Argentine constitutional reform of 1994, the city would gain greater autonomy. This means that it could dictate its own constitution, and have an autonomous government.

The Constituent Convention that ended on October 1, 1996, sanctioned the Constitution of the City of Buenos Aires. That year the first head of the Buenos Aires government was elected.

As of March 2015, the seat of the government of the City of Buenos Aires moved to Parque Patricios in front of the park of the same name. This building was conceived with environmental care techniques and standards that apply to the international LEED certification (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) and place it as the first public building in South America to reach that level.