Glossary of Botanical Terms of Argentina

Glossary of Botanical Terms of Argentina with the flora of Biogeographical Provinces, presented by its common and scientific name; and in alphabetical order.

Article of the guest columnist, Esteban O. Lavilla y Juan A. González for surdelsur.com

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[A][C][D][E][F][G]


[H][I][J][K][L][M]


[N][Ñ][O][P][Q][R]


[S][T][U][V][W][X]


[Y][Z]


ALT:High Andean ProvinceCHA:Chaco Province
ESP:Espinal ProvinceMON:Woodland Province
PAR:Paraná ProvincePRE:Pre-Puna Province
PUN:Puna ProvinceSUB:Sub-Antarctic Province
YUN:Yunga Province  

A

Alerce
(YUN):
Fitzroya cupressoides
Alder
(YUN):
Alnus jorullensis.
Algarroba
(CHA, ESP):
Various species of the genusProsopis, including P. alba, P. nigra, P. flexuosa, etc.
Añagua
(PUN):
Adesmia horridiuscula
Arca
(PRE):
Acacia visco
Arrayán
(YUN):
Myrceugenella apiculata (this is the Sub-Antarctic province arrayán).

B

Bambo
(YUN):
Chusquea lorentziana (Yunga bamboo).
Bitter coiron
(ALT):
Stipa chrysophylla.

C

Caldén
(ESP):
Prosopis caldenia.
Canelo
(YUN):
Drymis winteri.
Cardón
(CHA):
Trichocereus pasacana, Trichocereus terschekii.
Cedar
(YUN):
Cedrela balansae (the transition jungle cedar), Cedrela lilloi (mountain jungle cedar).
Cerro Pine
(YUN):
Podocarpus parlatorei.
Chalchal
(YUN):
Allophyllus edulis.
Chijua
(PUN):
Baccharis boliviensis.
Chilca
(PRE):
Baccharis salicifolia.
Churqui
(CHA, PRE):
Prosopis ferox, Acacia caven.
Cochucho
(YUN):
Fagara coco.
Coihue
(YUN):
Nothofagus dombeyi.
Cola de león
(PUN):
Verbena seriphioides.
Cuerno de cabra
(ALT):
Adesmia nanolignea.
Cushion Bromeliads
(PRE):
Various species, mainly of the general Tillandsia, Abromeitiella, Puya and Deuterocohnia.
Cypress
(YUN):
Austrocedrus chilensis.

D

In the Glossary of Botanical Terms, there are no terms with this initial letter.

E

In the Glossary of Botanical Terms, there are no terms with this initial letter.

F

In the Glossary of Botanical Terms, there are no terms with this initial letter.

G

Guatambú
(PAR):
Balfourodendron riedelianum.
Guayabí
(YUN):
Patagonula americana.
Guindo
(YUN):
Nothofagus betuloides.

H

Hackberry tree
(CHA, ESP, YUN):
Various species of the genus Celstis,including C. pubescens; C. boliviensis, C. tala, C. iguanaea.
Horco cebil
(YUN):
Parapiptadenia excelsa.
Horco mato
(YUN):
Myrcianthes mato.
Horco molle
(YUN):
Blepharocalyx salicifolius.
Horco quebracho
(CHA):
Schinopsis haenckeana.

I

Iro
(ALT):
Various species of the genus Festuca, including F. orthophylla y F. chrysophylla.

J

Jarilla
(MON):
It includes various species of the genus Larrea, the most important being L. divaricata, L. cuneifolia, L. nitida.

K

In the Glossary of Botanical Terms, there are no terms with this initial letter.

L

Lampaya
(PUN):
Lampaya schickendantzii.
Laurel
(YUN):
Phoebe porphyria.
Lenga
(YUN):
Nothofagus pumilio.

M

Mato
(YUN):
Myrcianthes pungens.
Mayten
(YUN):
Maytenus magellanica.
Molle
(PRE):
Schinus areira.

N

In the Glossary of Botanical Terms, there are no terms with this initial letter.

Ñ

Ñandubay
(ESP):
Prosopis algarobilla.
Ñire
(SUB):
Nothofagus antarctica.

O

Oak
(YUN):
Amburana cearensis, (transition jungle oak); Ilex argentiana (mountain jungle oak).

P

Pacará
(see timbó) (YUN):
Enterolobium contortisiliquum.
Palo amarillo
(YUN):
Phyllostilon rhamnoides.
Palo blanco
(YUN):
Calycophyllum multiflorum.
Palo luz
(YUN):
Prunus tucumanensis.
Palo santo
(CHA):
Bulnesis sarmientoi.
Pehuén
(YUN):
Araucaria araucana.
Pine
(PAR):
Araucaria angustifolia (this is the Misiones araucaria).
Pink Lapacho
(YUN):
Tabebuia impetiginosa.

Q

Queñoa
(ver tabaquillo)(YUN):
Polylepis australis.
Quina
(YUN):
Myroxylon peruiferum.

R

Rauli
(YUN):
Nothofagus procera.
Red cebil
(YUN)
Anadenanthera macrocarpa.
Red Quebracho
(CHA):
Schinopsis balansae.
Rosewood
(PAR):
Aspidosperma polyneuron.

S

In the Glossary of Botanical Terms, there are no terms with this initial letter.

T

Tolilla
(PUN):
Fabiana densa.
Tabaquillo
(see queñoa)(YUN)
Polylepis australis.
Timbó
(see pacará) (CHA):
Enterolobium contortisiliquum.
Tramontana
(PUN):
Ephedra breana.
Tusca
(CHA):
Acacia aroma.

U

Urmo
(YUN):
Eucryphia cordifolia.
Urunday
(PAR):
Astronium balansae.
Urundel
(YUN):
Astronium urundeuva.

V

Vizcachera
(ALT):
Stipa frigida.

W

Walnut tree
(YUN):
Juglans australis.
White quebracho
(CHA):
Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco.
White Tipa
(YUN):
Tipuana tipu.
Winter’s Bark
(YUN):
Drymis winteri.

X

In the Glossary of Botanical Terms, there are no terms with this initial letter.

Y

In the Glossary of Botanical Terms, there are no terms with this initial letter.

Z

In the Glossary of Botanical Terms, there are no terms with this initial letter.
References

All graphic material in this report is edited digitally. The customized version by surdelsur.com shown on this page is performed based on the following documents:
Toller, William (Physician, Naturalist, English). (1715). Lapacho  [Drawing, Detail]. William Toller manuscrit, Travel to Banda Oriental and Río de la Plata. Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid. (National Library of Madrid)